Biggest town in Dalmatia, second biggest town in Croatia – City of Split. The city in the bottom of Marjan Forest Park is not only in hearts of locals, but also many tourists that come for visit. Split is not only a town with impressive yacht marina and luxurious hotels, but also as a tourist mecca because of its rich cultural heritage.
City of Split is around 1700 years old. Most famous attraction in city of Split is certainly the Diocletian’s Palace protected by UNESCO. Diocletian’s palace is gorgeous place to visit because of rich history worth listening and learning about. There are many interesting stories about it and its construction
Be sure to visit the following museums: Municipal Museum split, Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments, Ethnographic Museum, Croatian Marine Museum, the Archaeological Museum in Split (The oldest Croatian museum) and Natural History Museum.
You can also visit Split Zoo and Cathedral of St. Marian.
Split is also known as a sports town, where in year 1979. were organized the Mediterranean sports games.
Town Split for those who want active holiday has a lot to offer: tarting from a sports on land (football, basketball, volleyball) to all water sports: sailing, swimming, diving, underwater fishing…
Split is situated on Marjan peninsula in region of Central Dalmatia, in country of Croatia. It is surrounded by mountain Mosor on north, Kozjak on northwest and hill Perun on east. Split is located on area of 79 km2 and it is surrounded by islands Hvar, Brač, Šolta and Čiovo. Split is administrative, cultural, historical and traffic center of Dalmatia and it is second largest city in Croatia.
Distances: Dubrovnik – 216 km, Karlovac – 309 km, Osijek – 660 km, Pula – 503 km, Zadar – 169 km, Zagreb – 365 km, Šibenik – 97 km, Rome – 1060 km, Paris – 1653 km, Budapest – 665 km, Madrid – 2353 km, Sarajevo – 242 km, Prague – 999 km… There are few different options to come to Split. If you are coming by plane you will land in Airport Split which is situated 20 km far from Split and 6 km far from Trogir. From there you can go further by buses, cars, boats, ferries, taxi and taxi boat services.
Airport Split is connected with Zagreb, Dubrovnik, Zadar, Paris, Zurich, Frankfurt, Rome, London, Munich, Budapest, Vienna, Nantes, Helsinki, Oslo, Ljubljana, Bristol, Geneva, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Dresden and other European centers. If you decide to come by car or bus, you can take highway A1 Zagreb-Split, exit in Dugopolje to come to Split. There is also coastal road which you can take. It takes more time for you to come, but you can see many beautiful places on the way. You can also come by train to Split. Train station is next to the ferry port and bus station in center of Split.
SPLIT INHABITANTS AND SETTLEMENTS
Split has a population of around 178 000 inhabitants, but in wider area it goes up to 400 000 people. Most of them are Croats with smaller number of Bosnians, Serbs, Slovenes, Montenegrins and other. City of Split also includes settlements Kamen, Stobrec, Donje Sitno, Gornje Sitno Zrnovnica, Slatine and Srinjine.
Urban districts of city of Split: Bačvice, Bol, Firule, Gripe, Kocunar, Lokve, Mejaši, Meje, Ravne njive, Skalice, Sućidar, Šine, Veli Varoš, Žnjan, Visoka, Neslanovac, Mertojak, Blatine, Brda, Grad, Kman, Lovret, Lučac-Manuš, Pazdigrad, Plokite, Sirobuja, Pujanke, Smokovik, Split 3 (Smrdećac), Spinut, Trstenik. Domestic people are mostly oriented to trade, fishing, tourism…
City of Split has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Average year temperature is 15,7°C and it has around 2700 sunny hours per year. Flora in Split is mostly oriented on hill Marjan and it consists maquis, Aleppo pine, palms and other Mediterranean vegetation.
Sea temperature in summer can go up to 24-25°C. There are different winds that blows in Split’s area like mistral, south-east wind and bora. Mistral is refreshing wind that brings nice weather. South-east wind called JUGO is warm and moist wind. It blows mostly from September till April and brings bad biometeorological conditions.
Bora is very strong north-east wind which blows from mainland to the sea and it can be very strong and unpleasant. Highest bora speed was recorded in 2003. and it reached 304 km/h.
Split’s are has been inhabitated since Prehistory. In the caves of mountains Kozjak and Mosor were found archeological remains of human activities. In area of Gripe were founded remains of first settlements. People were living there before emperor Diocletian.
There are some signs that also Illyrians lived in area of Split. Diocletian was Roman emperor from 284.-305. He introduced new system Tetrarchy, simultaneous rule of four rulers. His real name was Diokles, he was Illyrian and also persecutor of Christians.
He was only Roman emperor who departed without forcing. He was planing to spend his retirement days in Split’s Diocletian’s palace which he built in 4th century. In 480. last Roman emperor Julius Nepus was poisoned in Diocletian’s palace. Later in 7th century, after Diocletian’s palace was more and more populated, Split started to grow and develope outside the walls of palace. After Split was Christianized, emperor’s mausoleum became a church. Today it is a cathedral of St.Duje.
Town of Split was independent commune with its own Statute and Council until 15ht century. From the 15th till the end of 18th century Dalmatia was under the Venetians. Later from the 1805.-1813. it was under the France and Napoleon and then it belonged to Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy. In 1912. began the construction of the railway Zagreb-Split and it was finished in 1925. After World War I. Dalmatia was connected with Croatia. Split became administrative, cultural, historical and economy center of Dalmatia.
In 1991. Croatia was attacked by Serbia. Split was bombed in September by the torpedo boats by JRM and in November from the sea. In 1991. Split became part of independent Republic of Croatia and from 1993. it is center of Split-Dalmatian region.
You can find different accommodation units in Split like hotels, apartments, private houses and rooms. There are many apartments in center of Split in Diocletian’s palace. Split is historical and cultural place with famous touristic destinations and natural beauties.
Many historical monuments and buildings which tourists visits are very attractive and tell its story. Split also has beautiful beaches and Park-woods Marjan which is very popular for recreation and sport activities, such as walks, jogging, bicycle riding, swimming and sunbathing. Most famous Split’s beaches are: Kastelet (sand beach), Kasjuni (sand and rocky beach), Ovcice, Bacvice (sand beach), Znjan (pebble beach)…
Bacvice is most known and most famous Split’s beach. It is situated 1 km far from the center of Split. It is famous place for picigin lovers. Picigin is a game played with a small ball which has to stay in the air. There is also different coffee bars and restaurants.
Attractions in and near Split:
– Diocletian’s Palace, from 3rd and 4th century,
– Riva (Split’s main promenade),
– Iron Gate,
– Gregory of Nin monument,
– Cellars of Diocletian’s Palace,
– Temple of Jupiter,
– Prokurative (square in the center of Split),
– Fort Gripe,
– Peristil (square in Diocletian’s Palace),
– Cathedral of St. Duje,
– Archeological museum in Split,
– Gallery Mestrovic,
– Town museum,
– Art gallery,
– Park-woods Marjan…
In 3rd and 4th century it was built Diocletian’s Palace for retirement days of emperor Diocletian. There is mausoleum where the emperor was buried. Today it is a cathedral of St. Duje who is protector of Split. In 6th century when Salona was destroyed, many refugees inhabitated palace. It is center of Old town in Split today. Most known parts of Diocletian’s palace are: Cathedral of St. Duje with mausoleum, Golden Gate, Iron Gate, Peristil, Temple of Venus, Silver Gate, Brass Gate, Diocletian’s apartment, Portiron…
During the construction of Diocletian’s palace, on location west of Peristil, was built Temple of Jupiter. Emperor Diocletian ordered to bring sfings from Egypt and they were put in front of the temple. First Archbishop in Split was Ivan Ravenjanin. Andrija Buvinja built a wooden gates of the cathedral. Bell tower was probably built in 13th century. In 17th century was built fort Gripe to defend Split from the Turks and it is situated east of the center of town. After Split developed outside of the Diocletian’s palace walls, inhabitants needed protection of Turks, so many similar forts were built to defend part of Split that is outside of the walls of the palace.
Today it is a Croatian Maritime Museum. Park-woods Marjan is a hill situated on west side of Split’s peninsula, 3,5 km long and 1,5 km wide on widest point and its highest peak is Telegrin. There are many desert habitats, such as St. Jere. St. Jere used to be pasture, but in 19th and 20th century it was wooded with pine trees. Churches on Marjan are: Church of St. Nicholas, Church of St. Jere, Church Betlem (14th century), Church of St. Benedictine..
Today, Marjan is popular recreational place for Split’s inhabitants. There are many beaches where you can enjoy like Zvoncac, Jezinac, Kasjuni, Obojena, Bene… Riva is most known waterfront in Croatia and it is 1700 years old. Lot of events are kept on Riva. It is 250 m long and it is very attractive for walks within the sea. Monument Gregory of Nin was built by sculptor Ivan Mestrovic. Gregory of Nin was most known Nin’s bishop. When Tomislav was declared as king in 925., Gregory of Nin has the highest position in Croatian Church.
Gregory of Nin was the main proponent of folk Glagolitic alphabet and Old Slavic language. There are three statues of Gregory of Nin in Croatia. One is in town Nin, other in town Varaždin and third in Split. It is believed that touching its thumb brings happiness and wishes come true.
SPLIT ACTIVITIES AND NIGHT LIFE
There are many different coffee bars, night clubs and cocktail bars where you can enjoy all night long. Most famous night clubs are: Hemingway, Jungle, Vanilla, Bacvice, Tropic Club Ekvador, Ohara, Quasimodo…
Famous coffee bars within the beach and in the center of Split are: Zbirac at Bacvice beach, Ovcice at Ovcice beach, Obojena svjetlost at Obojena beach, Teraca Bamba at Meje, F-cafe on Riva, Bobis cafe, ST-Riva… There are also many different sport activities like mini golf, tennis, football, volleyball, handball, bowling, and also water sports like sailing, surfing, diving, water skiing, pedals and many more. Perfect place for jogging, walking, swimming and sunbathing is park-wood Marjan.
You can enjoy in beautiful nature which it offers. There are many activities and events kept during the whole year, but mostly in summer months in Split: Festival of Popular Music in July, folk nights, Split’s summer from the middle of July till the middle of August, Diocletian’s guard shift from June till September, Festival of Mediterranean Films in June, many concerts and exhibitions…